A review of non-obstetric spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema

M Brand, D B Bizos, L Burnell


Louis Hamman originally reported the syndrome that bears his name in 1939, describing it in women in labour (‘postpartum pneumomediastinum’). More recently, the syndrome has been loosely applied to all cases of spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. This review includes an overview of 561 cases, nearly 10 times more than in any other study.


Spontaneous pneumomediastinum; spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema; Hamman's syndrome

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South African Journal of Surgery | Online ISSN: 2078-5151 | Print ISSN: 0038-2361 | Medpharm Publications

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